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Copyright and Intellectual Property

Digital Copyright and Privacy

American Alliance of Museums

The Alliance provides a handout from its 2014 annual meeting, which outlined copyright and privacy issues in museums, and provided guidelines for mitigating legal risk and being responsible digital citizens. Presenter for this session were: Nathan Kerr, Intellectual Property Coordinator, Oakland Museum of California; Anne Young, Manager of Rights and Reproductions, Indianapolis Museum of Art.

Sample Documents

American Alliance of Museums

AAM provides Tier 3 museum members with sample copyright and reproduction policies.

Rights & Reproductions: The Handbook (epub)

American Alliance of Museums

AAM sells the Rights & Reproductions e-book in the online bookstore.

Guidelines for the Use of Copyrighted Materials

Association of Art Museum Directors (AAMD)

The AAMD shares a set of guidelines for the use of copyrighted materials, released in 2017.

Best Practices in Fair Use for the Visual Arts

College Art Association

The College Art Association released its Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for the Visual Arts. Based on a consensus of professionals in the visual arts who use copyrighted images, texts, and other materials.

Copyright, Museums and Licensing of Art Images

Columbia University Libraries/Information Services

Columbia University Libraries/Information Services’ Copyright Advisory Office shares resources on copyright, permission, licensing and fair use in museums and libraries, with many helpful sample forms, checklists and policies.

Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States

Cornell University

Cornell University’s Copyright Information Center provides a copyright duration chart for unpublished works and works published in and outside the U.S. Footnote 1 has links to alternative copyright charts.

Rights Statements

Europeana and the Digital Public Library of America

RightsStatements.org provides 11 different rights statements that can be used by cultural heritage institutions to communicate the copyright and re-use status of digital objects to the public.

Introduction to Managing Digital Assets: Options for Cultural and Educational Organizations

J. Paul Getty Trust

The J. Paul Getty Trust provides Introduction to Managing Digital Assets: Options for Cultural and Educational Organizations. The report looks at current and emerging methods for managing intellectual property, particularly in networked environments. It reviews the issues a museum should consider when developing intellectual property management strategies and selecting partners to assist in those strategies.

Two-Dimensional Reproductions

National Park Service

The National Park Service’s (NPS) Museum Handbook (PDF) discusses reproduction of museum collections for exhibition, sale, research, or education. An 86-page chapter focuses on two-dimensional reproductions. It includes a comparison of the advantages and of disadvantages of different two-dimensional formats, a cost recovery chart for use in establishing a fee structure, and a few sample agreements.

Three-Dimensional Reproductions

National Park Service

The National Park Service’s (NPS) Museum Handbook (PDF) discusses reproduction of museum collections for exhibition, sale, research, or education. A 40-page chapter discusses 3-dimensional reproductions. It includes a glossary and several sample agreements for making reproductions.

Copyright

U.S. Copyright Office

The U.S. Copyright Office offers information on copyright basics, U.S. and international copyright law, registration procedures, and licensing. It also has a series of circulars and fact sheets on specific topics, such as works-made-for-hire, investigating the copyright status of a work, and copyright registration for online work.

WIPO Guide on Managing Intellectual Property for Museums

World Intellectual Property Organization

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) shares the WIPO Guide on Managing Intellectual Property for Museums. The first part of the guide outlines how a museum can identify its intellectual property and understand its rights and related issues. The second part reviews business models that center on the Internet and digital technologies and suggests ways to implement revenue-generating strategies.

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